NING (isocitric) wrote in ed_ucate,
NING
isocitric
ed_ucate

Body Image

Here is an article on body image which I feel cites excellent statistics and also gives us greater insight to how we perceive ourselves.


As the article is fairly long, I decided not to post it here. Instead, I have selected some interesting points worth noting (:

In court, attractive people are found guilty less often. When found guilty, they receive less severe sentences.

This is absurd.

Up to 8 out of 10 women will be dissatisfied with their reflection, and more than half may see a distorted image.


In one American survey, 81% of ten-year-old girls had already dieted at least once. A recent Swedish study found that 25% of 7 year old girls had dieted to lose weight – they were already suffering from 'body-image distortion', estimating themselves to be larger than they really were.


A Harvard University study showed that up to two thirds of underweight 12-year-old girls considered themselves to be too fat. By 13, at least 50% of girls are significantly unhappy about their appearance. By 14, focused, specific dissatisfactions have intensified, particularly concerning hips and thighs. By 17, only 3 out of 10 girls have not been on a diet – up to 8 out of 10 will be unhappy with what they see in the mirror.


Most of us have heard that anorexics see themselves as larger than they really are, but some recent research indicates that this kind of distorted body-image is by no means confined to those suffering from eating disorders – in some studies up to 80% of women over-estimated their size.


Black and Asian women generally have a more positive body-image than Caucasian women, although this depends on the degree to which they have accepted the beauty standards of the dominant culture.


A study of Mexican immigrants in America found that those who had immigrated after the age of 17 were less affected by the prevailing super-thin ideal than those who were 16 or younger when they came to the US. In a Washington University study, Black women with high self-esteem and a strong sense of racial identity actually rated themselves more attractive than pictures of supposedly 'beautiful' white fashion models. In another study about 40% of moderately and severely overweight Black women rated their figures to be attractive or very attractive. Other research indicates that this may be because African-American women are more flexible in their concepts of beauty than their White counterparts, who express rigid ideals and greater dissatisfaction with their own body-shape.


Recent studies show that homosexual men experience greater body-dissatisfaction than heterosexual men, while homosexual women have a more positive body-image than heterosexual women.


Touch-deprivation factor: People suffering from extreme body-image disturbance report a lack of holding and hugging as children.


Generally, people in stable, long-term relationships (not necessarily marriage – see note on lesbians above) have a more positive body-image than singles.


Surveys show that women who have just been trying on clothes (particularly swimsuits) in communal changing rooms of high street stores will be experiencing a higher level of body-dissatisfaction and self-criticism, and are more likely to have a negative reaction to their reflection in the mirror.


Women in the pre-menstrual phase of their cycle experience higher levels of body-dissatisfaction than at other times.


A London University study appears to confirm this, finding that women who take part in sport (body-builders, rowers and netballers) have more positive perceptions of their own bodies and increased acceptance of muscular body shapes, despite their divergence from cultural ideals. It is interesting to note that another study showed exercise therapy to be as effective as conventional psychotherapy in treating serious body-image disturbance in young women.


From SIRC.org. The direct link to the article is here.

I have to say that there are some claims that I do not agree upon, but otherwise, this article is excellent with the wealth of statistics.

Do discuss about the points mentioned above - the validity, and how it could possibly apply to you or people around you that you've seen (:
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